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Course Content


  • The root directory is 1 /.
  • User commands are stored in the /bin/ and /usr/bin/ directories.
  • The /boot/ directory includes system startup files, including the kernel.
  • Device files are found in the /dev/ directory.
  • The configuration files and directories are contained in the /etc/ directory.
  • The default placement for user home directories is /home/.

The file system is the foundation of Linux/UNIX. Various directories make up the file system (Windows calls them "folders".) The file system's root directory ("/") is at the very bottom. Even if some directories are located on distinct partitions or drives, they are still considered part of the file system.

A directory is a file whose sole purpose is to contain the file names and information associated with them. Directories include all files, whether they be ordinary, special, or directory files. Unix organises files and directories using a hierarchical structure. A directory tree is a common term for this structure.

You'll need to utilise the tree command. In a tree-like style, it will list the contents of directories. It's a recursive directory listing application that generates a depth-indented file listing. When directory parameters are used, tree lists all of the files and/or directories discovered in each of the specified directories one by one.

You may create new folders in Linux systems using either the command line or the file manager on your desktop. mkdir is a command that lets you create directories (also known as folders).

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