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Course Content

Laptop and understanding Different Parts

Components & Features of Laptop

In today's video our topic is what are Laptop Features and Components.

As a Desktop Support Engineer, you must have knowledge on the background of laptops, their features and specifications and measures that need to be taken during laptop disassembly. In this module you will learn about.

Following are some of the kind of Laptop features which one should be aware of :
• Laptop - General Features
• Laptop v/s Desktop
• Types Of Laptop
• Laptop Brands
• Laptop-Basic Features
• Advanced Features

- General Laptop Features :
• A Laptop also called as notebook or ultra-book is either powered by battery or electricity.
• A traditional Laptop or notebook is a clamshell, with a screen on one of its inner sides and a keyboard on the opposite.
• It can be easily folded to conserve space the screen and keyboard are inaccessible while closed.
• Runs on a full-featured Operating System like Windows, OS X or Linux.
• It generally is smaller than a briefcase and can easily be transported.
• It is so convenient that it can be used virtually at most places.

- Difference between Laptop v/s Desktop :-

• Price - The price of an entry level Desktop Computer would be Rs. 15,000. On the other hand, the cost of an level Laptop would be Rs. 20,000 or more, depending on the brand.
• Convenience - Carrying Desktops form one place to another is not convenient. Desktops are mean for a single location usage and stationary users. In contrast, Laptop are compact, portable and are designed to be taken form place to place conveniently. It is meant for mobile/roaming users.
• Processing Speed - Desktop are installed with more powerful processors than the Laptop.
• Usability - A Desktop requires more time and more space for set up whereas a Laptop requires less time and less space for set up.
• Keyboard - Desktop keyboard come with full size keyboard with separate numeric key pad. Laptop keyboards come with smaller keyboard and mostly without a separate numeric key pad.
• Upgrading - Desktop components are easier to remove and make upgrading simpler. Bigger desktop cases make upgrading easy.
• Gaming - Desktops have a capability to use higher wattage power supplies, and more number of graphic cards to enable better gaming.

Following are the different Types of Laptops available in today's Market :
- 2 in 1 convertibles
- Rugged Laptops
- Sub Notebooks
- Desktop Replacement Laptops
We will see every Type of Laptop in quite detail.

• 2 in 1 Convertible Laptops -
- These types of laptops have a swivel/rotating hinge attaching the keyboard to the display. You can fold the screen up to 180 degrees so that it lies flat on the keyboard These are now being replaced by laptop with detachable screens that also work as tablets. All latest 2-in-1's have touch screen.

• Rugged Laptops -
- Rugged Laptop are designed to operate in harsh and extreme conditions, dusty or wet environments and in areas with strong vibrations. They are usually bulkier and more expensive than regular laptop. It usually costs around 1Lac INR.

• Sub Notebook Laptops -
- A Sub Notebook is very portable since it has less weight and a long battery life (exceeding ten hours). Most subnotebooks don't have a removable media drive to lessen the weight. In such cases the laptop is paired with a docking station.

• Desktop Replacement Laptops -
- A Desktop Replacement Laptop provides capabilities similar to a desktop. It is usually heavier and larger than standard laptops.

- Laptop Brands :
Laptop brands and manufacturers include HP, ASUS, Lenovo, Acer, Apple, TOSHIBA, Samsung, Sony, Msi, Alien ware, DELL, Fujitsu, Gateway, HCL, i-ball, Micromax, and notion ink. There are also assembled and lesser known brands available in the market.

Following are some of the Basic Features of Laptops :
- Processor Type and Clock Speed.
- RAM Type (DDR4 is used now-a-days) and Speed.
- Hard Disk Type (1 TB harddisk drive is used now-a-days) and Capacity.
- Graphic Card.
- Display Screen Type and Size.

Following are some of the Advanced Features of Laptops :
• Wireless - Every laptop includes wireless networking. The Most Popular standard is 802.11n and earlier standard is 802.11g. These days, most new laptop are available with 802.11ac Wi-Fi, a newer wireless standard that gives you speeds that are three to 10 times i.e. 1.3 Gbps.
• Bluetooth 5.0 - Many Laptop also offer Bluetooth connectivity, which allows the user to connect to a Bluetooth mouse, keyboard or headsets. It helps with wireless syncing contacts, transfer files and calendar between Laptop and Smartphone.
• Optical Drive - Most Laptop include an Optical drive to play and burn DVDs. Some laptops include Blue-ray Players, DVD/CD Burners. External DVD drives that plug into the USB port of laptop are also available.
• Battery Life - When not plugged into a wall outlet, Laptop use a rechargeable battery for power. Battery capacity is represented in mAh (Milliamp Hours). Generally, Laptop batteries are available in 5000 mAh or more. A higher mAh rating means the battery will take longer to drain, giving your laptop a longer charge.
• USB - Hot swapping is a term for plugging and unplugging USB devices without the computer off or on. Just plug in the USB gadget and it will get connected.
• USB Type C charging - USB-C is the new industry standard connector and cable used for connectivity and power. Type-C USB will support with the top speed of 10 Gbps and has much high power output of up to 20V (100W) and 5A. This means faster charging, quicker data transfer rates.

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