For a variety of reasons, Android forensics differs from traditional disc forensics. It supports a number of Android-specific file systems. Before diving into true forensics, it's critical to understand file systems, directory structures, and how and where data is kept on the devices.
Android forensics is a process that collects and analyses data from an Android smartphone or tablet. It includes gathering the physical evidence of a digital device, like hard disks and memory cards, taking pictures of the evidence, extracting information from the devices with strong encryption, and mounting phones for ‘forensic software’.
The data extracted from Android devices are often used to explore many different aspects of digital forensics. One thing that is often investigated in this process is what type of data does Android produce?
Data about apps installed on the phone or tablets can be analysed to find out which ones have been installed recently. This information can be useful to law enforcement officials when investigating a crime.
Android forensics is a complex process. It would take experts weeks to extract data from an Android device. Using the mobile forensic tools, the process can be sped up and reduced to days or even hours.
Most Android devices are designed with security in mind - they have a lock screen, PINs and passwords, biometric authentication, and many other security measures. Forensically analyzing them can be difficult because of these built-in protections that are designed to make it very difficult for people to extract data from them. However, there are a few ways to bypass these safeguards without compromising the protection features of your phone.
Legal implications of using a forensic tool on an Android device:
The use of forensic tools such as those listed in the question has legal implications. The most important consideration is whether the program itself can be considered a search under the Fourth Amendment. If so, then law enforcement would need to obtain a warrant before performing any searches on that device.
Digital forensics' principal purpose is to collect data from electronic evidence, convert it into actionable intelligence, and submit the results to the prosecutor.