-Point to point
The study of network topology recognizes eight basic topologies.
In cartography and geology, a topological map is a type of diagram that has been simplified so that only vital information remains and unnecessary detail has been removed. These maps lack scale, and distance and direction are subject to change and variation, but the relationship between points is maintained.
Each node in the network is connected to every other node in a full mesh architecture. This is the most reliable of all networks since it provides a fully redundant network.
When every node in a network has a circuit connecting it to every other node, it is known as full mesh topology. Full mesh provides the most redundancy, as network traffic can be routed to any of the other nodes if one fails. Backbone networks almost always use full mesh.
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