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A hybrid routing protocol is a type of routing protocol that combines both link-state and distance-vector protocols. It is typically used for large networks where the size of the network makes it impractical to use a single routing protocol. The most popular hybrid routing protocol is the OSPF, which is a combination of link-state and distance-vector protocols.

The most common advantages of using a hybrid routing protocol are:

  • Resilience to link outages
  • Decreased convergence time
  • No need to reconfigure path when changing network topology

Routing protocols use different methods of routing packets over the network. Hybrid routing protocols are used when two different types of networks are being routed together. For example, when an organization's data center is connected to another company's data center via a VPN. In this case both traditional and hybrid routing protocols can be applied to route packets between the two networks.

A hybrid routing protocol is a combination of one of the three primary routing protocols: dynamic, static and distance-vector.

The hybrid routing protocol was designed to provide more reliability and less control over the network. However, it may not work for many networks due to its dependencies on specific protocols.

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