When no alternative routes are available or necessary, static routing can be used to create an exit point from a router. This is referred to as a default route. Small networks with only one or two routes can benefit from static routing.
It is very easy to implement and very low maintenance;
The routers can be manually controlled by a human operator if required;
There is no need for an acknowledgement message when the data packet arrives at its destination;
It uses less bandwidth than dynamic routing;
The processing load on both the router and the server that handles the "hello" messages is reduced;
Static routing was first developed in the 1960s with the use of circuit switching. It was then replaced by packet switching because it offered better performance and reliability. Today, static routing can be seen in voice and video conferencing systems as well as internet networks carrying live broadcast material like TV and radio channels.
Static routing protocols are used in cases where the network is not dynamically changing. The client always knows the server's address and can reach it without any changes. With static routing, you do not need any setup or configuration on the client side to reach the server, which makes it very easy to set up.
Great learning experience about the networking concepts..
Manil Kumar Rajak
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