In illustrator, what we write as the text is called type. Type tool is present in the toolbar and property tool. Select it, and type pallet will open. From type pallet, click on type tool. Start typing something. Select your work, and you will see, in the property bar, new options are added. You can change fonts and size of it from there.
You can make so many changes to text from a character tool. Click on it. You will see you can change the sub-style, gap between two lines, the gap between characters etc. also, other options are shown in the video of how you can edit text.
To create an object from the text, right-click on it and select create outlines. Why change it as an object? There are two reasons: To use text as a logo and to fill the text with a pattern, gradient and other styling, we need to convert it into an object.
You can adjust your text from paragraph tool available in the property bar. In type menu, there is an option of threaded text. The threaded text helps you to add extra text which is outside your object. Using area type options, you can convert text into columns & rows. These all options are used for managing text and for publishing.
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