The Data-Driven and Keyword-Driven frameworks are combined in the Hybrid Driven Framework. The keywords, as well as the test data, are externalised in this scenario. Test data can be kept in a Properties file or an Excel file, and keywords are kept in a separate Java class file.
Manual testers who aren't familiar with computer languages typically use the Hybrid Driven framework. Without having to code anything in the framework, such persons may simply glance at the Keywords, Test data, and Object repository and begin generating the test case straight away.
TestNG is a Java-based open-source test automation platform. It's based on the same principles as JUnit and NUnit. TestNG has a few advanced and useful features that make it a more robust framework than its competitors. NG stands for 'Next Generation' in TestNG.
Traditional frameworks are developed by a team of experts in a specific field, who then use the framework to provide recommendations to companies on how they should approach their projects. In contrast, AI frameworks are developed by machine learning algorithms. They can be applied to any type of business problem and provide recommendations without any human inputs.
A hybrid framework is not just one framework but instead combines multiple programming languages and technologies that cover various use cases. Hybrid frameworks provide an opportunity for developers to build cross-platform apps that can run on any device or platform while still being able to maintain performance standards across all devices and platforms.