The first crucial thing to remember is that in Ruby, the method initialize is a special method with a special meaning: When you call a class's new method, such as Person.new, the class creates a new instance of itself. It will then call the function initialize on the new object internally.
When we wish to initialize some class variables at the moment of object creation, we can utilize the initialize method. The initialize function is part of Ruby's object-creation process, and it allows us to set an object's initial properties. Here are some things to think about when it comes to Initialize: We have the option of defining a default parameter.
In Ruby, a method is a piece of code that gives an Object some capability. A class method is used to offer functionality to the entire class, whereas an instance method is used to provide functionality to a single instance of the class.