Git maintains two fundamental data structures within a repository: the object store and the index. All of your repository data is kept in a secret subdirectory called. git at the base of your working directory.
Git has a three-tree structure: the working directory (which contains changes that Git may or may not track), the staging index (which contains changes that are about to be committed to the repository), and the repository itself (being tracked by Git).
A changeable index (also known as stage or cache) caches information about the working directory and the next revision to be committed, and an immutable, append-only object database. The index provides as a link between the working tree and the object database.
A file structure is a way to organize data in a computer. It includes folders, subfolders, and files. A file structure can help you organize your files so that you can easily find them.
[0-9a-f] objects [0-9a-f] folders. Each newly formed item has its own file....
folder for references/heads/
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