The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a tax on goods and services. It is an indirect tax that has mostly superseded many other indirect taxes in India, such as excise duty, VAT, and services tax. The Goods and Service Tax Act was passed by Parliament on March 29, 2017 and into effect on July 1, 2017.
GST aims to reduce bribery and sales without receipts. GST eliminates the need for small businesses to pay excise, service tax, and VAT. Unorganized industries like the textile industry gain accountability and oversight thanks to the GST.
GST is charged on all transactions involving the supply of goods and services, with the exception of exempted goods and services, goods that are not subject to GST, and transactions that fall below the established threshold limitations. GST does not apply to alcoholic beverages for human consumption or electricity.
The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST), State Goods and Services Tax (SGST), Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST), and Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST) make up the GST tax system (UTGST).
GST is a single indirect tax for the entire country, bringing India closer together as a single market. GST is a single tax that applies to the supply of goods and services from the manufacturer to the end user.