Line height is a CSS property that sets the distance between the baselines of consecutive lines of text. It is measured in pixels.
The difference between line height and padding is that padding is applied to an object, while line height is applied to a block of text. Margin, on the other hand, applies to an object or block of text and can be used for spacing between objects or blocks.
The content's height is determined by the height you enter. Any padding and border are not included in that amount, thus the div will expand. box-sizing: border-box, on the other hand, will preserve the div at 56px even after padding is entered.
Line Height: Line height is an important property of a CSS rule that specifies how far apart two consecutive lines should be. It can be expressed as a number or as pixels, depending on how the web browser renders it.
Padding: Padding is a CSS property that defines the distance around an element's content and borders in all four sides of an element's box model. Padding can also be defined as pixels or percentage units relative to the width or height of its containing block.
Margins: Margins are used to separate content from its container and define their size, shape, and position in relation to each other.
The majority of browsers' default line-height is around 110 percent to 120 percent. The line-height attribute determines the leading of text lines. The difference between the line-height value and the font-size value of an element is the leading of text.
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