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5 Key Accounting Assumptions:

  • The Consistency Assumption.
  • The Going Concern Assumption.
  • The Time Period Assumption.
  • The Reliability Assumption.
  • The Economic Entity Assumption.
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Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP):

  • Accrual principle.
  • Conservatism principle.
  • Consistency principle.
  • Cost principle.
  • Economic entity principle.
  • Full disclosure principle.
  • Going concern principle.
  • Matching principle.

In accounting, it is important to understand the assumptions that are made when certain transactions have been recorded in the financial statements. These assumptions are usually stated in a footnote to the financial statements. They are vital for understanding how the company's assets and liabilities may change over time, as well as other pertinent information on how an accounting equation works.

Accounting is a set of principles, methods and procedures for recording, communicating and analyzing financial information. There are many fundamental assumptions that managers must make, like the cost of capital, the goodwill value in a business, the time value of money and more. However, certain accounting principles are not taken into account but they still impact the way accounting is done.

The accounting entity concept is used to identify asset ownership and liability obligations, as well as the profitability of a particular set of economic activities.

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